One of the priority objectives of the intervention programmes addressed to adults with mental problems is social and labour insertion, since it contributes to improving their self- esteem, as a result of the social recognition of having a productive job. In the case of people affected by low-functioning autism, the challenge is very big, since the difficulties derived from a significant cognitive impairment is added to those from severe behavioural issues. Due to this reason, social and labour insertion of this subgroup cannot be carried out in ordinary working areas, but it is necessary for there to be occupational therapy centres (such as TERLAB), with workshops adapted to the characteristics of the users.
With respect to adults with high-functioning autistic spectrum disorder, it is possible for them to adapt to work at an ordinary company, but to achieve that it is necessary to design individualised programmes that allow for them to progressively adapt to the workplace.These programmes include the presence of an educator who, apart from temporarily accompanying the people with autistic spectrum disorder to help them integrate into the workplace, plays an intermediary role between the adult affected by autism and the working environment, helping other workers to know the particularities of the colleague with autistic spectrum disorder and getting them to understand and accept them easier.
For this higher-level subgroup, occupational therapy centres could be a place for Peace, where after learning how to carry out productive working tasks in a protected environment, they can be integrated into an ordinary workplace.